Underground Railroad

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There were several stops on Underground Railroad in Andover.

A brief history of the Underground Railroad from The Underground Railroad in Massachusetts by William H. Seibert (1936):

...Underground Railroad by Seibert, p.1 of 3.... click to enlarge

...Underground Railroad by Seibert, p.2 of 3.... click to enlarge

...Underground Railroad by Seibert, p.3 of 3.... click to enlarge

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...Underground Railroad stopped here.... click to enlarge

Andover Homes involved with the Underground Railroad:

  • William Jenkins – 8 Douglass Street (formerly Jenkins Road)

...William Jenkins House.... click to enlarge

  • Holt Cogswell House – 373 South Main Street
  • Mark Newman House – 210 Main Street on the Phillips Academy Campus
  • Stowe House – 80 Bartlett Street
  • William Poor and Sons Wagon Factory - 66 Poor Street. William Poor and his sons built carriages with false bottoms for transporting slaves to freedom.
  • Free Christian Church – 31 Elm Street. This church was formed by John Smith and other Andover residents who did not think that other churches were making a strong stand against slavery.


  • "Jenkins House Station for Escaping Slaves," Andover Townsman, March 22, 1956.
  • "Antislavery Movement was Active in Andover," Andover Townsman, June 20, 1996, p.20
  • "Underground Railroad stopped here," Eagle Tribune, February 20, 1998, p. 15.
  • "Andover’s Home was but one Stop on the Underground Railroad," Andover Townsman, October 26, 2000.
  • "Historian: Not Everyone in Andover Backed Abolition of Slavery Before the Civil War", Townsman, July 17, 2003, p. 11, 12.

--Eleanor 16:06, January 16, 2008 (EST)
--Leslie 17:41, July 18, 2012 (EDT)
--Kim 14:53, July 28, 2014 (EDT)

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