Difference between pages "Ballardvale" and "Slavery"

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The Ballardvale area in Andover is named after Timothy Ballard who owned a salt and grist mill in the 18th century. In 1836, John Marland built a woolen mill on the site that went bankrupt in 1857The company treasurer, J.P. Bradlee aquired the mill, named it the Bradlee Mill, but the area continued to be called Ballardvale.
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Many affluent Andover families owned slaves before slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1783. Three well known freed slaves were Cato Freeman, Pompey Lovejoy, and Salem Poor.  Freeman had been owned by Deacon Samuel Phillips before he married and purchased a 16 acre farmPomp's Pond is named for Pomp Lovejoy, a former slave of Captain William Lovejoy. Salem Poor bought his freedom in 1769 and went on to fight in the Revolutionary War. He was much praised for his actions at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He went on to fight at Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Monmouth, as well as other battles.
  
'''Interesting facts:
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Pomp, a slave of David Abbot who was born free, appealed to the Andover selectmen when Massachusetts had abolished slavery and other slaves were suing for their freedom. The selectmen gave Pomp, still a slave, to Captain Charles Furbish, who proved a harsh master. Pomp murdered his new master, thinking he would inherit Furbish's farm. Pomp was executed in 1795.
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*The Lithia Spring Company in Ballardvale sold bottled water with lithium in it. Lithia salts were added to the water. Paul Hannigan from Lawrence set up the company in the 1880's. The company furnished the only carbonated water carried by the United States Navy when they went on their World Cruise in 1912. The company was bought by another group of men in the 1890's. Mineral water was very popular at the time. Lithium was not discovered as a treatment for mania until 1948.
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*The first successful machine cut steel files were made at the Whipple File Co. in Ballard Vale in the 1850s.
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Caesar Russell, Prince Johnnot, Cato Foster, and Cato Freeman (or Freman) fought in the Revolutionary War.  
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[[Image:Map for Anti-Slavery Movement in Andover.jpg|thumb|...''Map of Notable Sites in Anti-Slavery Movement in Andover''.... click to enlarge|left]]
  
*The first railroad, opened in the summer of 1836, went from Wilmington to Andover and entered Ballard Vale behind the South School.  The original railway station still stands on Andover Street.
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*In 1848, the Ballard Vale District School had 178 pupils and two teachers who received a salary of $40 per month.
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*In 1890, the new Ballardvale School was the only school in Andover with running town water.
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*In 1995 the Ballardvale Historic District Commission was created to preserve the characteristics of Ballardvale.
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[[File:Antislavery_Map.jpg|200px|thumb|left|Page from the 1904 Andover telephone directory from the ''Andover Townsman Centennial Issue'', July 21, 1933, page 30A .]]
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See
 
See
*[[Ballardvale Historic District Commission]]
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* [http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=658286&t=anti-slavery%20movement%20underground%20railroad&tp=title&d=0&hc=1&rt=title ''Anti-Slavery Movement and the Underground Railroad in Andover & Greater Lawrence, Massachusetts''], Andover Room R 974.45 Gre (pamphlet box 6)
*[http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rresult.xml?rt=title&tp=title&t=history%20of%20ballardvale&ft=&l=5&d=1&f=at&av= History of Ballardvale] Andover Room 974.45 His A compendium of articles about Ballardvale, taken from a variety of sources.
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*[http://www.nps.gov/bost/planyourvisit/upload/Salem%20Poor%202-14-01.pdf ''Salem Poor: A Brave and Galiant Soldier'']National Park Service, Boston.
 
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* [http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=536078&t=founding%20of%20the%20free%20christian%20church&tp=title&d=0&hc=1&rt=title ''Founding of the Free Christian Church of Andover''] by Mary Byers Smith, Andover Pamplet Box 5, page 12 headstone of Primus a former Andover slave
*"Andover's Former Mill Village," ''Andover Townsman'', January 4, 1996, p. 17,18,21. (Celebrating Andover's 350th Anniversary insert, photos)
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*[http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=1346508&t=murder%20in%20essex&tp=keyword&l=5&d=0&hc=6&rt=keyword Murder and Mayhem in Essex County] by Robert Wilhelm. 364.2523 Wil
 
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*[http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/pomp/summary.html Dying Confession of Pomp, a Negro Man, Who Was Executed at Ipswich, on the 6th August, 1795, for Murdering Capt. Charles Furbish, of Andover, Taken from the Mouth of the Prisoner, and penned by Joanathan Plummer]  ''Documenting the American South'' (see document menu). 8/3/2011.
*"Mills of Ballard Vale Captured Attention of Artist Sheeler (Charles Sheeler)," ''Boston Globe'', September 8, 1996, Northwest section, p. 17.
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*[http://www.andovertownsman.com/local/x1771108225/Andover-Stories-Cato-Freeman-slavery-and-prejudice-in-early-Andover Prejudice in Early Andover.] by Katie Gohn.
 
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*"Anti-Slavery Movement was Active in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', June 20,1996, p.20.
*"Smooth sailing so far for Ballardvale Historic District," ''Andover Townsman'', January 14, 1999, p. 17.
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*"Descendents Mark Legacy of Black Patriots," ''Boston Globe'', April 9, 2000, p.7 (Northwest Section).
 
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*"Andover home was but one stop on the Underground Railroad (Jenkins House)," ''Andover Townsman'', October 26, 2000.
*"Behind Ballardvale," ''Townsman'', November 6, 2003
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*"Underground. Historian: Not Everyone in Andover Backed Abolution of Slavery Before the Civil War," ''Andover Townsman'', July 17, 2003, p. 11, 12.  
 
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*"Slavery Did Exist in Early Andover (Lucy Foster and census number of blacks)," ''Andover Townsman'', July, 26, 2012, p. 16.
*"Ballardvale had Something in the Water: Gold-medal Winning Lithium.Virginia Perry Reck," ''Andover Townsman'', 8/27/2009, p.13.
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*"Abolitionism in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', August 2, 2012, p.15.
 
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*"Salem Poor's heroism and disappointing life," ''Andover Townsman'', February 7, 2013, p.11.
*"1896 Titans of Trade," ''Andover Townsman'', January 17, 2013, p. 5.
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*"A brief local history of slaves in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', February 14, 2013, p. 11.
 
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*"1896 Titans of Trade Part II: Downtown Merchants," ''Andover Townsman'', January 24, 2013, p. 16.
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--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] 14:40, August 28, 2007 <br>  
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--[[User:Leslie|Leslie]] 10:25, September 11, 2012 (EDT)
  
--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] 16:18, August 17, 2011 (EDT)
 
 
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Revision as of 16:22, 18 December 2015

Many affluent Andover families owned slaves before slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1783. Three well known freed slaves were Cato Freeman, Pompey Lovejoy, and Salem Poor. Freeman had been owned by Deacon Samuel Phillips before he married and purchased a 16 acre farm. Pomp's Pond is named for Pomp Lovejoy, a former slave of Captain William Lovejoy. Salem Poor bought his freedom in 1769 and went on to fight in the Revolutionary War. He was much praised for his actions at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He went on to fight at Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Monmouth, as well as other battles.

Pomp, a slave of David Abbot who was born free, appealed to the Andover selectmen when Massachusetts had abolished slavery and other slaves were suing for their freedom. The selectmen gave Pomp, still a slave, to Captain Charles Furbish, who proved a harsh master. Pomp murdered his new master, thinking he would inherit Furbish's farm. Pomp was executed in 1795.

Caesar Russell, Prince Johnnot, Cato Foster, and Cato Freeman (or Freman) fought in the Revolutionary War.

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...Map of Notable Sites in Anti-Slavery Movement in Andover.... click to enlarge


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Page from the 1904 Andover telephone directory from the Andover Townsman Centennial Issue, July 21, 1933, page 30A .



See


--Eleanor 14:40, August 28, 2007
--Leslie 10:25, September 11, 2012 (EDT)

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