Difference between pages "November Club" and "Slavery"

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*The November Club was the first women's club in AndoverIt was formed in 1889 after Miss Elizabeth Handy called a meeting of 15 "well-educated, enterprising, and socially elite women" in November 1888 to discuss her idea to start a women's club.
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Many affluent Andover families owned slaves before slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1783Three well known freed slaves were Cato Freeman, Pompey Lovejoy, and Salem Poor.  Freeman had been owned by Deacon Samuel Phillips before he married and purchased a 16 acre farm.  Pomp's Pond is named for Pomp Lovejoy, a former slave of Captain William Lovejoy.  Salem Poor bought his freedom in 1769 and went on to fight in the Revolutionary War. He was much praised for his actions at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He went on to fight at Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Monmouth, as well as other battles.
  
*The club first met at 126 Main St., but, after 20 more women joined, moved to Abbot Hall.
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Pomp, a slave of David Abbot who was born free, appealed to the Andover selectmen when Massachusetts had abolished slavery and other slaves were suing for their freedom. The selectmen gave Pomp, still a slave, to Captain Charles Furbish, who proved a harsh master. Pomp murdered his new master, thinking he would inherit Furbish's farm. Pomp was executed in 1795.
  
*In February 1892 they dedicated a new clubhouse on Love Lane, now called Locke Street.
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Caesar Russell, Prince Johnnot, Cato Foster, and Cato Freeman (or Freman) fought in the Revolutionary War.  
  
*The November Club raised money for local charities, the war efforts, and to build their Locke Street clubhouse. They give dance lessons to young people, and had guest speakers.
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Although many houses in Andover were stops on the Underground Railroad, there were differing views of the abolitionist movement in the town. In 1835 fifty Philips Academy Students were expelled for participating in anti-slavery meetings. The Free Church was formed by a group of
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*By 1985 membership had fallen and the clubhouse was sold to the Unitarian Universalist Church.  The money was given to Memorial Hall Library to furnish a November Club reading room.
 
  
 
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See
 
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* [http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=658286&t=anti-slavery%20movement%20underground%20railroad&tp=title&d=0&hc=1&rt=title ''Anti-Slavery Movement and the Underground Railroad in Andover & Greater Lawrence, Massachusetts''], Andover Room R 974.45 Gre (pamphlet box 6)
*Town Had First Clubhouse "for Ladies Wholly" by Karen Wakeling, Andover Historical Society. ''Andover Townsman'' January 19, 2012. p.8.
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*[http://www.nps.gov/bost/planyourvisit/upload/Salem%20Poor%202-14-01.pdf ''Salem Poor: A Brave and Galiant Soldier'']National Park Service, Boston.
*"Andover's Innovators Lead the Way", ''The Townsman'', May 30, 2013, page 13.
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* [http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=536078&t=founding%20of%20the%20free%20christian%20church&tp=title&d=0&hc=1&rt=title ''Founding of the Free Christian Church of Andover''] by Mary Byers Smith, Andover Pamplet Box 5, page 12 headstone of Primus a former Andover slave
 
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*[http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=1346508&t=murder%20in%20essex&tp=keyword&l=5&d=0&hc=6&rt=keyword Murder and Mayhem in Essex County] by Robert Wilhelm. 364.2523 Wil
*November Club Yearbooks, 1907-1967, in Andover Room at Memorial Hall Library.
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*[http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/pomp/summary.html Dying Confession of Pomp, a Negro Man, Who Was Executed at Ipswich, on the 6th August, 1795, for Murdering Capt. Charles Furbish, of Andover, Taken from the Mouth of the Prisoner, and penned by Joanathan Plummer]  ''Documenting the American South'' (see document menu). 8/3/2011.
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*[http://www.andovertownsman.com/local/x1771108225/Andover-Stories-Cato-Freeman-slavery-and-prejudice-in-early-Andover Prejudice in Early Andover.] by Katie Gohn.
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*"Anti-Slavery Movement was Active in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', June 20,1996, p.20.
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*"Descendents Mark Legacy of Black Patriots," ''Boston Globe'', April 9, 2000, p.7 (Northwest Section).
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*"Andover home was but one stop on the Underground Railroad (Jenkins House)," ''Andover Townsman'', October 26, 2000.
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*"Underground. Historian: Not Everyone in Andover Backed Abolution of Slavery Before the Civil War," ''Andover Townsman'', July 17, 2003, p. 11, 12.
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*"Slavery Did Exist in Early Andover (Lucy Foster and census number of blacks)," ''Andover Townsman'', July, 26, 2012, p. 16.
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*"Abolitionism in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', August 2, 2012, p.15.
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*"Salem Poor's heroism and disappointing life," ''Andover Townsman'', February 7, 2013, p.11.
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*"A brief local history of slaves in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', February 14, 2013, p. 11.
  
 
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<!-- insert signature here, if desired -->--[[User:Leslie|Leslie]] 19:00, July 18, 2012 (EDT)<br><br>--[[User:Leslie|Leslie]] 10:15, July 24, 2012 (EDT)
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--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] 14:40, August 28, 2007 <br>  
<br><br> --[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] ([[User talk:Eleanor|talk]]) 15:28, 18 December 2015 (EST)
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--[[User:Leslie|Leslie]] 10:25, September 11, 2012 (EDT)
  
 
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[[Category:Andover Answers Index]]
 
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Revision as of 15:35, 18 December 2015

Many affluent Andover families owned slaves before slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1783. Three well known freed slaves were Cato Freeman, Pompey Lovejoy, and Salem Poor. Freeman had been owned by Deacon Samuel Phillips before he married and purchased a 16 acre farm. Pomp's Pond is named for Pomp Lovejoy, a former slave of Captain William Lovejoy. Salem Poor bought his freedom in 1769 and went on to fight in the Revolutionary War. He was much praised for his actions at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He went on to fight at Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Monmouth, as well as other battles.

Pomp, a slave of David Abbot who was born free, appealed to the Andover selectmen when Massachusetts had abolished slavery and other slaves were suing for their freedom. The selectmen gave Pomp, still a slave, to Captain Charles Furbish, who proved a harsh master. Pomp murdered his new master, thinking he would inherit Furbish's farm. Pomp was executed in 1795.

Caesar Russell, Prince Johnnot, Cato Foster, and Cato Freeman (or Freman) fought in the Revolutionary War.

Although many houses in Andover were stops on the Underground Railroad, there were differing views of the abolitionist movement in the town. In 1835 fifty Philips Academy Students were expelled for participating in anti-slavery meetings. The Free Church was formed by a group of


See


--Eleanor 14:40, August 28, 2007
--Leslie 10:25, September 11, 2012 (EDT)

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