Difference between pages "Andover Church - Free Christian Church" and "Slavery"

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The Free Christian Church was founded on May 7, 1846, by ink factory owner William Donald. It was formed by Andover residents who did not feel members of other churches in Andover were making a strong stand against slavery. Free Christian obtained the Elm Street property in 1903.
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Many affluent Andover families owned slaves before slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1783.  Three well known freed slaves were Cato Freeman, Pompey Lovejoy, and Salem Poor. Freeman had been owned by Deacon Samuel Phillips before he married and purchased a 16 acre farm.  Pomp's Pond is named for Pomp Lovejoy, a former slave of Captain William Lovejoy.  Salem Poor bought his freedom in 1769 and went on to fight in the Revolutionary War. He was much praised for his actions at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He went on to fight at Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Monmouth, as well as other battles.
  
Rev. Jack L. Daniel was pastor of the Free Christian Church for 35 years, from 1977 to June, 2012. In 1977, the church had 75 members. In 2012, the church had 1,200 members.
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Pomp, a slave of David Abbot who was born free, appealed to the Andover selectmen when Massachusetts had abolished slavery and other slaves were suing for their freedom. The selectmen gave Pomp, still a slave, to Captain Charles Furbish, who proved a harsh master. Pomp murdered his new master, thinking he would inherit Furbish's farm. Pomp was executed in 1795.
  
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Caesar Russell, Prince Johnnot, Cato Foster, and Cato Freeman (or Freman) fought in the Revolutionary War.
  
See
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There were differing views on the slavery issue in Pre Civil War Andover.
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*In 1835 fifty Philips Academy Students were expelled for participating in anti-slavery meetings. Many southern cotton plantation owners sent their sons to Philips Academy.
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*The Andover Theological Seminary supported the American Colonization Society which preached buying the freedom for slaves and sending them back to Africa.  This resulted in the formation of the country of Liberia.
  
*"Andover church unveils addition," ''Eagle Tribune'', November 19, 2001, p. 1.
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*"Dedicated to the Lord: New $1.7 million addition," ''Andover Townsman'', November 21, 2001, p. 10.
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*"Underground" ''The Townsman'', July 17,02003, page 11.
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*"Exodus, of sorts: Free Christian severs final UCC ties," ''Andover Townsman'', October 7, 2004, p. 1.
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*"Pastor of Free Christian Church changing course," ''Andover Townsman'', April 19, 2012, p. 10.
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*"Assistant pastor now heads Free Christian Church, Andover," ''Eagle Tribune'', August 4, 2012, p. 5.
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See
For a complete list of Andover Churches see [http://www.mhl.org/andover/churches.htm Houses of Worship in Andover]
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* [http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=658286&t=anti-slavery%20movement%20underground%20railroad&tp=title&d=0&hc=1&rt=title ''Anti-Slavery Movement and the Underground Railroad in Andover & Greater Lawrence, Massachusetts''], Andover Room R 974.45 Gre (pamphlet box 6)
 
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*[http://www.nps.gov/bost/planyourvisit/upload/Salem%20Poor%202-14-01.pdf ''Salem Poor: A Brave and Galiant Soldier'']National Park Service, Boston.
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* [http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=536078&t=founding%20of%20the%20free%20christian%20church&tp=title&d=0&hc=1&rt=title ''Founding of the Free Christian Church of Andover''] by Mary Byers Smith, Andover Pamplet Box 5, page 12 headstone of Primus a former Andover slave
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*[http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=1346508&t=murder%20in%20essex&tp=keyword&l=5&d=0&hc=6&rt=keyword Murder and Mayhem in Essex County] by Robert Wilhelm. 364.2523 Wil
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*[http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/pomp/summary.html Dying Confession of Pomp, a Negro Man, Who Was Executed at Ipswich, on the 6th August, 1795, for Murdering Capt. Charles Furbish, of Andover, Taken from the Mouth of the Prisoner, and penned by Joanathan Plummer]  ''Documenting the American South'' (see document menu). 8/3/2011.
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*[http://www.andovertownsman.com/local/x1771108225/Andover-Stories-Cato-Freeman-slavery-and-prejudice-in-early-Andover Prejudice in Early Andover.] by Katie Gohn.
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*"Anti-Slavery Movement was Active in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', June 20,1996, p.20.
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*"Descendents Mark Legacy of Black Patriots," ''Boston Globe'', April 9, 2000, p.7 (Northwest Section).
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*"Andover home was but one stop on the Underground Railroad (Jenkins House)," ''Andover Townsman'', October 26, 2000.
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*"Underground. Historian: Not Everyone in Andover Backed Abolution of Slavery Before the Civil War," ''Andover Townsman'', July 17, 2003, p. 11, 12.
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*"Underground", ''The Townsman'', July 17, 2003, page 11.
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*"Slavery Did Exist in Early Andover (Lucy Foster and census number of blacks)," ''Andover Townsman'', July, 26, 2012, p. 16.
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*"Abolitionism in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', August 2, 2012, p.15.
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*"Salem Poor's heroism and disappointing life," ''Andover Townsman'', February 7, 2013, p.11.
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*"A brief local history of slaves in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', February 14, 2013, p. 11.
  
 
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--[[User:Kim|Kim]] 13:22, May 24, 2013 (EDT)<!-- insert signature here, if desired --><br>
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--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] 14:40, August 28, 2007 <br>  
--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] ([[User talk:Eleanor|talk]]) 13:52, 26 March 2015 (EDT)<br><br>
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--[[User:Leslie|Leslie]] 10:25, September 11, 2012 (EDT)<br><br>
--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] ([[User talk:Eleanor|talk]]) 15:39, 18 December 2015 (EST)
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--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] ([[User talk:Eleanor|talk]]) 15:54, 18 December 2015 (EST)
  
 
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[[Category:Andover Answers Index]]
 
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Revision as of 15:54, 18 December 2015

Many affluent Andover families owned slaves before slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1783. Three well known freed slaves were Cato Freeman, Pompey Lovejoy, and Salem Poor. Freeman had been owned by Deacon Samuel Phillips before he married and purchased a 16 acre farm. Pomp's Pond is named for Pomp Lovejoy, a former slave of Captain William Lovejoy. Salem Poor bought his freedom in 1769 and went on to fight in the Revolutionary War. He was much praised for his actions at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He went on to fight at Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Monmouth, as well as other battles.

Pomp, a slave of David Abbot who was born free, appealed to the Andover selectmen when Massachusetts had abolished slavery and other slaves were suing for their freedom. The selectmen gave Pomp, still a slave, to Captain Charles Furbish, who proved a harsh master. Pomp murdered his new master, thinking he would inherit Furbish's farm. Pomp was executed in 1795.

Caesar Russell, Prince Johnnot, Cato Foster, and Cato Freeman (or Freman) fought in the Revolutionary War.

There were differing views on the slavery issue in Pre Civil War Andover.

  • In 1835 fifty Philips Academy Students were expelled for participating in anti-slavery meetings. Many southern cotton plantation owners sent their sons to Philips Academy.
  • The Andover Theological Seminary supported the American Colonization Society which preached buying the freedom for slaves and sending them back to Africa. This resulted in the formation of the country of Liberia.



See


--Eleanor 14:40, August 28, 2007
--Leslie 10:25, September 11, 2012 (EDT)

--Eleanor (talk) 15:54, 18 December 2015 (EST)

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