Difference between pages "Slavery" and "Businesses on Main Street - Past and Present"

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Many affluent Andover families owned slaves before slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1783Three well known freed slaves were Cato Freeman, Pompey Lovejoy, and Salem Poor.  Freeman had been owned by Deacon Samuel Phillips before he married and purchased a 16 acre farm.  Pomp's Pond is named for Pomp Lovejoy, a former slave of Captain William Lovejoy. Salem Poor bought his freedom in 1769 and went on to fight in the Revolutionary War. He was much praised for his actions at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He went on to fight at Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Monmouth, as well as other battles.
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The following images show the changing face of Main Street beginning at North Main to Main Street to South Main StreetPhotos are from the "Past and Present" feature of the ''Andover Townsman''. shows  The top picture is an older picture and the lower picture is more current. All of the more current pictures are photographed by photographer Tim Jean.
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== '''Anton's Cleaners''' ==
  
Pomp, a slave of David Abbot who was born free, appealed to the Andover selectmen when Massachusetts had abolished slavery and other slaves were suing for their freedom. The selectmen gave Pomp, still a slave, to Captain Charles Furbish, who proved a harsh master. Pomp murdered his new master, thinking he would inherit Furbish's farm. Pomp was executed in 1795.
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[[Image:Anton's Cleaners.jpg|thumb|...''Anton's Cleaners''.... click to enlarge|left]]
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Caesar Russell, Prince Johnnot, Cato Foster, and Cato Freeman (or Freman) fought in the Revolutionary War.
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=='''Woodworth Motors''' was a Ford Dealership in 1938 ==
  
There were differing views on the slavery issue in Pre Civil War Andover.
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[[Image:Shawsheen Motor Mart.jpg|thumb|...''Shawsheen Motor Mart''... click to enlarge|left]]<br style="clear:both;" />
*In 1835 50 Philips Academy students were expelled for participating in anti-slavery meetings. Many southern cotton plantation owners sent their sons to Philips Academy.  
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*The Andover Theological Seminary supported the American Colonization Society which preached buying the freedom for slaves and sending them back to Africa. This resulted in the formation of the country of Liberia.  
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=='''Barnard Block''' ==
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[[Image:Main Street Early 1900s.jpg|thumb|...''Main Street Early 1900s''... click to enlarge|left]]
 
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== '''Main and Park Street including the Barnard Building''' ==
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[[Image:MainandPark.jpg|thumb|...''Main and Park Streets''... click to enlarge|left]]
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<br> '''Main Street 1940 showing Old Town Hall'''
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[[File:mainstreet1940.jpg|200px|thumb|left|"Main Street, 1940 ]] <br style="clear:both;" />
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'''Elander & Swanton / Royal Jewelers''' <br>
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[[Image:Elander & Swanton, Inc..jpg|thumb|...''Elander & Swanton, Inc.''... click to enlarge|left]]
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[[Image:Gulf Service Station.jpg|thumb|...''Gulf Service Station''... click to enlarge|left]]
  
See
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[[Image:Main_Street_House_Move.jpg|thumb|...''Main Street house moved''.... click to enlarge|left]]
* [http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=658286&t=anti-slavery%20movement%20underground%20railroad&tp=title&d=0&hc=1&rt=title ''Anti-Slavery Movement and the Underground Railroad in Andover & Greater Lawrence, Massachusetts''], Andover Room R 974.45 Gre (pamphlet box 6)
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[[Image:Rose Glen Dairy Bar.jpg|thumb|...''Rose Glen Dairy Bar''... click to enlarge|left]]
*[http://www.nps.gov/bost/planyourvisit/upload/Salem%20Poor%202-14-01.pdf ''Salem Poor: A Brave and Galiant Soldier'']National Park Service, Boston.
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[[Image:Hartigan's Drug Store.jpg|thumb|...''Hartigan's Drug Store''... click to enlarge|left]]
* [http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=536078&t=founding%20of%20the%20free%20christian%20church&tp=title&d=0&hc=1&rt=title ''Founding of the Free Christian Church of Andover''] by Mary Byers Smith, Andover Pamplet Box 5, page 12 headstone of Primus a former Andover slave
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*[http://andover.mvlc.org/opac/en-US/skin/default/xml/rdetail.xml?r=1346508&t=murder%20in%20essex&tp=keyword&l=5&d=0&hc=6&rt=keyword Murder and Mayhem in Essex County] by Robert Wilhelm. 364.2523 Wil
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[[Image:Kaps.jpg|thumb|...''Lawrence Gas and Electric''... click to enlarge|left]]
*[http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/pomp/summary.html Dying Confession of Pomp, a Negro Man, Who Was Executed at Ipswich, on the 6th August, 1795, for Murdering Capt. Charles Furbish, of Andover, Taken from the Mouth of the Prisoner, and penned by Joanathan Plummer]  ''Documenting the American South'' (see document menu). 8/3/2011.
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*[http://www.andovertownsman.com/local/x1771108225/Andover-Stories-Cato-Freeman-slavery-and-prejudice-in-early-Andover Prejudice in Early Andover.] by Katie Gohn.
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[[Image:Barcelos_Market.jpg|thumb|...''Barcelos Market''... click to enlarge|left]]
*"Anti-Slavery Movement was Active in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', June 20,1996, p.20.
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[[Image:Academy Garage.jpg|thumb|...''Academy Garage''... click to enlarge|left]]
*"Descendents Mark Legacy of Black Patriots," ''Boston Globe'', April 9, 2000, p.7 (Northwest Section).
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[[Image:Gulf Station.jpg|thumb|...''Gulf Station''.... click to enlarge|left]]
*"Andover home was but one stop on the Underground Railroad (Jenkins House)," ''Andover Townsman'', October 26, 2000.
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[[Image:Andover Steam Laundry.jpg|thumb|...''Andover Steam Laundry''.... click to enlarge|left]]
*"Underground. Historian: Not Everyone in Andover Backed Abolution of Slavery Before the Civil War," ''Andover Townsman'', July 17, 2003, p. 11, 12.  
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[[Image:Andover National Bank.jpg|thumb|...''Andover National Bank''.... click to enlarge|left]]
*"Underground", ''The Townsman'', July 17, 2003, page 11.
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*"Slavery Did Exist in Early Andover (Lucy Foster and census number of blacks)," ''Andover Townsman'', July, 26, 2012, p. 16.
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*"Abolitionism in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', August 2, 2012, p.15.
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*"Salem Poor's heroism and disappointing life," ''Andover Townsman'', February 7, 2013, p.11.
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*"A brief local history of slaves in Andover," ''Andover Townsman'', February 14, 2013, p. 11.
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See
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*"Past and Present: Anton's Cleaners," ''Andover Townsman'', November 2, 2006.
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*"Past and Present: Main Street Early 1900s," ''Andover Townsman'', February 17, 2005.
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*"Past and Present: Gulf Service Station," ''Andover Townsman'', May 12, 2005.
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*"Past and Present: Main and Park Streets," ''Andover Townsman'', May 19, 2005.
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*"Past and Present: Elander & Swanton, Inc.," ''Andover Townsman'', May 26, 2005.
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*"Past and Present: Main Street," ''Andover Townsman'', July 14, 2005.
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*"Past and Present: Shawsheen Plaza," ''Andover Townsman'', September 1, 2005.
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*"Past and Present: Rose Glen Dairy Bar," ''Andover Townsman'', September 29, 2005.
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*"Past and Present: Hartigan's Pharmacy," ''Andover Townsman'', December 22, 2005.
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*"Past and Present: Main Street," ''Andover Townsman'', March 16, 2006
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*"Past and Present: Shawsheen Motor Mart," ''Andover Townsman'', March 23, 2006.
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*"Past and Present: Lawrence Gas and Electric," ''Andover Townsman'', April 6, 2006.
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*"Past and Present: Barcelos Market," ''Andover Townsman'', July 27, 2006.
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*"Past and Present: Academy Garage," ''Andover Townsman'', October 26, 2006.
  
--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] 14:40, August 28, 2007 <br>
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*"Past and Present: Olde Andover Village," ''Andover Townsman'', October 11, 2012.
--[[User:Leslie|Leslie]] 10:25, September 11, 2012 (EDT)<br><br>
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*"Past and Present: Barnard Building, 36 Main Street," ''Andover Townsman'', December 20, 2012.
--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] ([[User talk:Eleanor|talk]]) 15:54, 18 December 2015 (EST)
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*"Past and Present," ''Andover Townsman'', July 28, 2005.
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*"Past and Present," ''Andover Townsman'', September 8, 2005.
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*"Past and Present," ''Andover Townsman'', May 26, 2006.
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back to [[Main Page|Main Page]]
 
back to [[Main Page|Main Page]]
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--[[User:Jen|Jen]] 12:35, July 8, 2010 (EST)<br>
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--[[User:Kim|Kim]] 10:27, October 25, 2011 (EDT)<br>
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--[[User:Eleanor|Eleanor]] ([[User talk:Eleanor|talk]]) 14:20, 7 January 2016 (EST)
 
[[Category:Andover Answers Index]]
 
[[Category:Andover Answers Index]]

Revision as of 14:31, 7 January 2016

The following images show the changing face of Main Street beginning at North Main to Main Street to South Main Street. Photos are from the "Past and Present" feature of the Andover Townsman. shows The top picture is an older picture and the lower picture is more current. All of the more current pictures are photographed by photographer Tim Jean.

Anton's Cleaners

...Anton's Cleaners.... click to enlarge



Woodworth Motors was a Ford Dealership in 1938

...Shawsheen Motor Mart... click to enlarge

Barnard Block

...Main Street Early 1900s... click to enlarge


Main and Park Street including the Barnard Building

...Main and Park Streets... click to enlarge



Main Street 1940 showing Old Town Hall

"Main Street, 1940

Elander & Swanton / Royal Jewelers

...Elander & Swanton, Inc.... click to enlarge
...Gulf Service Station... click to enlarge
...Main Street house moved.... click to enlarge
...Rose Glen Dairy Bar... click to enlarge
...Hartigan's Drug Store... click to enlarge
...Lawrence Gas and Electric... click to enlarge
...Barcelos Market... click to enlarge
...Academy Garage... click to enlarge
...Gulf Station.... click to enlarge
...Andover Steam Laundry.... click to enlarge
...Andover National Bank.... click to enlarge


See

  • "Past and Present: Anton's Cleaners," Andover Townsman, November 2, 2006.
  • "Past and Present: Main Street Early 1900s," Andover Townsman, February 17, 2005.
  • "Past and Present: Gulf Service Station," Andover Townsman, May 12, 2005.
  • "Past and Present: Main and Park Streets," Andover Townsman, May 19, 2005.
  • "Past and Present: Elander & Swanton, Inc.," Andover Townsman, May 26, 2005.
  • "Past and Present: Main Street," Andover Townsman, July 14, 2005.
  • "Past and Present: Shawsheen Plaza," Andover Townsman, September 1, 2005.
  • "Past and Present: Rose Glen Dairy Bar," Andover Townsman, September 29, 2005.
  • "Past and Present: Hartigan's Pharmacy," Andover Townsman, December 22, 2005.
  • "Past and Present: Main Street," Andover Townsman, March 16, 2006
  • "Past and Present: Shawsheen Motor Mart," Andover Townsman, March 23, 2006.
  • "Past and Present: Lawrence Gas and Electric," Andover Townsman, April 6, 2006.
  • "Past and Present: Barcelos Market," Andover Townsman, July 27, 2006.
  • "Past and Present: Academy Garage," Andover Townsman, October 26, 2006.
  • "Past and Present: Olde Andover Village," Andover Townsman, October 11, 2012.
  • "Past and Present: Barnard Building, 36 Main Street," Andover Townsman, December 20, 2012.
  • "Past and Present," Andover Townsman, July 28, 2005.
  • "Past and Present," Andover Townsman, September 8, 2005.
  • "Past and Present," Andover Townsman, May 26, 2006.


back to Main Page


--Jen 12:35, July 8, 2010 (EST)
--Kim 10:27, October 25, 2011 (EDT)
--Eleanor (talk) 14:20, 7 January 2016 (EST)