Difference between revisions of "Smith and Dove Flax Mills"

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'''Smith and Dove Flax Mills'''


Peter Smith and John Smith were born in Brechin, Scotland in 1802. After the death his father in 1810 John was unable to attend school regularly began to work on farms and in flax mills.  After leaving Scotland he traveled to Halifax, Nova Scotia and on to Boston arriving on December 15, 1816. He worked as a machinist in Medway and Waltham and then left to travel the country in August of 1819 arriving back in Medway, Massachusetts in 1820 where he worked as a machinist. He founded a machine company in Plymouth known as the John Smith & Co and asked his brother Peter to join him.  Seeking the water power in Andover John moved his company to an unoccupied mill in Frye Village in 1824. John's business partners died in 1829, In 1833 when Peter and John Dove decided to form a company to spin flax as he and Peter had in Scotland, John Smith went into business with them.
John Smith was born in Brechin, Scotland in 1802. After the death his father in 1810 John was unable to attend school regularly began to work on farms and in flax mills in the area to help family survive.  


He left Scotland and traveled to Halifax, Nova Scotia and on to Boston arriving on December 15, 1816. He found work as a machinist in Watertown and then left to travel the country in August of 1819 arriving back in Medway, Massachusetts in 1820 where he worked as a machinist.


He founded a machine company in Plymouth known as the John Smith & Co and asked his brother Peter to join him.  Seeking the water power in Andover John and two business partners moved their company to an unoccupied mill in Frye Village in 1824; the business partners died in 1829. In 1833 when Peter and John Dove decided to form a company to spin flax as they had in Scotland, John Smith went into business with them. They eventually ceased making machinery and bought water power and building from Abel and Pascal Abbot in Abbot Village in 1843. In 1864 the John and Peter Smith and John Dove incorporated as Smith & Dover Company. By 1896 they employed 300 people.


He traveled the country. When in South Carolina he saw slaves being sold.  Founded Free Christian Church founded on anti-slavery doctrine. First made cotton machineryJoined by brother Peter and other friends and family from Scotland.
John and Peter were philanthropists. John donated funds to Phillips Academy and Abbot Academy and $50,000 to establish Memorial Hall Library. When traveling in South Carolina John saw slaves being sold and became a staunch abolitionistHe founded Free Christian Church founded on anti-slavery doctrine. Peter was a supporter of the West Parish Church.
Memorial Hall library- $50,000


Memorial Hall library-  $50,000 Philanthropists  Phillip Academy, Abbot Academy
Both John and Peter are buried at the West Parish Garden Cemetery.


unoccupied mill in Frye Village (later renamed Shawsheen by William Wood)built cotton machinery.  Joined by John Dove in 1833 who had worked with Peter Smith in flax mills in Scotland.  The three began to produce flax after John Dove traveled to Scotland to learn more about the machinery and the process to produce flax.
See
 
They eventually ceased making machinery and bought water power and building from Abel and Pascal Abbot in Abbot Village in 1843. In 1864 the John and Peter Smith and John Dove incorporated as Smith & Dover Company. By 1896 they employed 300 people.
 
West Parish Garden Cemetery Peter Smith & John Smith
*"Andover Stories column: Smith& Dove: Turning Flax into Gold", Townsman, March 31, 2011
*"Andover Stories column: Smith& Dove: Turning Flax into Gold", Townsman, March 31, 2011
 
*Andover Historical Society Newsletter Articles:
See
**"First Flax Mill in America (Smith & Dove Mfg. Co.")by George Glennie - Vol. 03, No. 4
*Andover Historical Society Newsletter Article:
**"A Long Linen Thread: Smith & Dove in Andover" by Florence Feldman-Wood - Vol. 23, No. 4
First Flax Mill in America (Smith & Dove Mfg. Co.) - written by George Glennie - Vol. 03, No. 4
*[http://www.andoverhistorical.org/manuscripts/manuscripts-mss420.htm Mary Byers Smith Papers (granddaughter of John Smith)] Andover Historical Society
A Long Linen Thread: Smith & Dove in Andover - written by Florence Feldman-Wood - Vol. 23, No.  
*[http://andover.mvlc.org/eg/opac/record/103693?query=bailey%20historical;qtype=keyword;locg=5
 
''Historical Sketches of Andover Massachusetts''] by Sarah Loring Bailey, 974.45 Bai





Revision as of 21:39, 27 December 2012

John Smith was born in Brechin, Scotland in 1802. After the death his father in 1810 John was unable to attend school regularly began to work on farms and in flax mills in the area to help family survive.

He left Scotland and traveled to Halifax, Nova Scotia and on to Boston arriving on December 15, 1816. He found work as a machinist in Watertown and then left to travel the country in August of 1819 arriving back in Medway, Massachusetts in 1820 where he worked as a machinist.

He founded a machine company in Plymouth known as the John Smith & Co and asked his brother Peter to join him. Seeking the water power in Andover John and two business partners moved their company to an unoccupied mill in Frye Village in 1824; the business partners died in 1829. In 1833 when Peter and John Dove decided to form a company to spin flax as they had in Scotland, John Smith went into business with them. They eventually ceased making machinery and bought water power and building from Abel and Pascal Abbot in Abbot Village in 1843. In 1864 the John and Peter Smith and John Dove incorporated as Smith & Dover Company. By 1896 they employed 300 people.

John and Peter were philanthropists. John donated funds to Phillips Academy and Abbot Academy and $50,000 to establish Memorial Hall Library. When traveling in South Carolina John saw slaves being sold and became a staunch abolitionist. He founded Free Christian Church founded on anti-slavery doctrine. Peter was a supporter of the West Parish Church. Memorial Hall library- $50,000

Both John and Peter are buried at the West Parish Garden Cemetery.

See

Historical Sketches of Andover Massachusetts] by Sarah Loring Bailey, 974.45 Bai



See

  • Small Riot, Attack on Officer and Abbot Village. (Bill Dalton column describes Abbot Village, where many Smith and Dove workers lived, and Abbot Village Hall) Andover Townsman January 26, 2012, p.9.



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